Edward I of England began to build Flint Castle in 1277. Both castle and town were attacked by the forces of Madog ap Llywelyn during the revolt of 1294-5; the defenders of the town burnt it in order to deny its use to the Welsh.
Richard II was handed over to his enemy Henry Bolingbroke in the castle in 1399. As a consequence, it is the setting for Act III, Scene III of the Shakespeare play Richard II. The castle was the first of Edward I’s ‘iron ring’ of royal castles to be built in Wales, and the design served as the basis for larger castles such as Harlech and Rhuddlan. Owain Glyndŵr unsuccessfully assaulted it at the commencement of his revolt in 1400.
Dee Inn (left) and the old cenotaph taken c1969 by the late Harry Moore, courtesy Vicky Perfect.
The town did not have a wall, but a protective earthen and wooden palisaded ditch. The outline of this remained visible in the pattern of streets until the mid-1960s, and the medieval boundary can still be traced now. This can be seen in John Speed’s map of Flintshire.
In 1969 Flint hosted the National Eisteddfod, and so the town has a circle of Gorsedd stones. In July 2006 the stones were centre stage in the National Eisteddfod Proclamation Ceremony which formally announced Mold as the 2007 host town of the event.
It was the county town of the historic county of Flintshire and today is the third largest town in Flintshire. According to the 2001 Census the population of the community of Flint was 12,804. The demonym of Flint is off Flint.
In 2016 Flint welcomed the Urdd National Eisteddfod back to Flintshire for the first time since 1984. Held on the fields of Flint High School, the eisteddfod saw thousands of people visit the area to join in with the festivities which kicked off with more than 3,000 young people marching through the streets of Flint to welcome it.
More Flint History
Flint has an active Historical Society. Should you wish to see more information in relation to the history of Flint please visit http://www.fflint.co.uk/
For more detailed history click on the Flint History link and scroll down to your chosen historical period.